Dwarf Citrus Tree Care

    
    
    
  How To Grow Dwarf Citrus Trees 
What are Aloha Honua Dwarf Citrus?

They are orchard-proven fruit-producing varieties, grafted on cultivar specific dwarfing rootstock.  Grown in the ground, they create a highly productive tree averaging eight feet tall depending on variety.  They will be smaller if grown in a container. 

Planting Location

A sunny, wind-free, southern exposure is best.  Allow room for the tree's ultimate size.  It is best to avoid lawns which receive frequent shallow waterings.  Microclimates are created by reflected heat from houses or walkways, providing heat for frost protection or summer growth, if needed in your area. 

Good Drainage is the Key

Check the drainage by digging a hole 30" deep and filling it with water to saturate the soil. The next day refill the hole with 
water. Drainage is OK if the water drops 2" in two hours. If drainage is poor, plant in a raised bed or container.
 

Planting in the Ground

Plant rootball high so that when finished it will be slightly above garden grade. First (upper) roots may be visible. Stake may be needed.  Provide a generous watering basin.  Do not allow soil or mulch to cover the trunk.  Fill the basin slowly and let it soak in.  Water (thoroughly) weekly more or less depending on your soil and climate conditions. 

Planting in a Container

Use a light, well-drained mix.  Be sure there are numerous drainage holes.  Upper roots may be exposed.  Water thoroughly, then fertilize after a week or two.  Water weekly or more often if necessary in the summer months.   

Fertilizing

Citrus thrive on balanced fertilizer.  Citrus and Avocado Food is available at Aloha Honua.  If a fertilizer contains trace minerals, and has more Nitrogen (N) than Phosphorus (P) and Potassium (K), it will work fine. Follow the manufacturer's recommendation.  Water soluble fertilizer can be used on foliage and soil.  Granular or slow release fertilizer is sprinkled on the soil and watered in.  Fertilizer stakes are not recommended. Yellow leaves are usually an indication of lack of fertilizer or overly wet roots. 

Suckering
Know where the GRAFT is on your tree.  Remove all the growth below the graft. Suckers take vitality from the tree.
Pruning

Trees may be pruned to any desired shape.  They will look fuller with occasional pruning to shape leggy branches. Pinching back tips of new growth will help trees to round out.  Some trees may develop erratic juvenile growth above the graft. If so, cut it back Pruning can be done at any time of year except the winter. 

Frost Protection

Protect young trees and lemons and limes if temperatures are predicted to drop below 32 degrees.  Use frost blankets, Christmas lights or anti-transparent sprays.



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